We were lucky to have a very fascinating talk recently by visiting Indian scholar Ranabir Samaddar, who is the Director of the Calcutta Research Group (CRG) in Kolkata, India. Samaddar’s talk was titled “Returning to the History of 19th and Early 20th Century Immigration.” Professor Samaddar focused on the history of migration and immigration in the 19th and early 20th century, with special emphasis on the period from around 1875 until 1925. The talk covered a wide range of materials, including Chinese migrants working on the early US railways. His talk was followed up with responses from Victoria Hattam, Professor of Politics at The New School for Social Research (NSSR), Paula Banerjee, who is currently a visiting professor from the University of Calcutta and also a member of the Calcutta Research Group, and Mark Frazier, who also teaches in the Politics Dept at NSSR and is one of ICI’s two Academic Directors.
In case you missed this exiting event you can listen to the audio below.
We’re excited to share a recently published article in World Politics Review by Mark Frazier. Mark is academic co-director at the India China Institute and a professor of Politics at The New School for Social Research, where he focuses on labor and social policies in China.
In this article Frazier argues that China’s new policies “carry a political significance that is not well understood,” and which he argues are linked to two key trends in China–rapid urbanization and a quickly aging population, both of which are driving recent Chinese social welfare policies.
Here’s a brief excerpt from his article in WPR, titled “Narrowing the Gap: Rural-Urban Inequality in China.”
“By most measures, the income gap between urban and rural households in China is one of the largest in the world, with urban residents’ incomes more than triple those of their rural counterparts. Not surprisingly, then, improving rural incomes has become the main target of social welfare policies in China today, though it is too early to tell whether such policies will be enough to reduce the rural-urban income gap. The new social policies have also been introduced in the context of two long-term demographic trends of great significance: China’s high-speed urbanization and the rapid aging of its population. China’s social welfare policies are in some respects responses to these trends—aimed at preventing both the formation of a vast urban underclass lacking access to basic means of social protection as well as the impoverishment of the elderly.”
You can read the full article here at WPR.
Mark Frazier recently gave a talk at the New School entitled “Who is Xi? The Knowns and Unknowns of China’s Political Future”. the video of this talk is available on youtube at http://youtu.be/3UbDnSURIao.
Video recording of the speech by Mark Frazier at India China Institute, The New School, New York on November 14, 2012:
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The New School has named Mark Frazier, professor of politics, and Sanjay Reddy, associate professor of economics, academic directors of the India China Institute (ICI), a leading center of trans-regional study. Frazier and Reddy will develop the ICI’s exploration of the relationships between India, China and the United States by launching new research programs and partnerships between The New School and other global institutions.
“Discussions of relations between China and India tend to assume that their future will be one of either cooperation or conflict,” said Frazier. “ICI programming and research present a more complex picture of the dense networks and lively exchange of ideas and technologies among Chinese and Indians. This understudied pattern of mutual, non-state exchanges has been a recurring theme over the past two millennia.”
Founded by The New School in 2004, ICI supports research, teaching and discussion on the relationships between India and China, two of the world’s emerging economic and political powers, and their interactions with the United States. Directed by Ashok Gurung, ICI is the hub of a robust international network of scholars, leaders, and opinion-makers, which encourages discussion and exchange through fellowships, courses, public events, publications, and inter-institutional collaboration. ICI has recently hosted visits from leading international voices including Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai of Nepal; Nirupama Rao, Indian Ambassador to the United States; and authors Liao Yiwu, Philip Gourevitch and Salman Rushdie.
“India and China represent rising nations states and civilizational spaces which scholarship and teaching in the United States cannot afford to ignore,” said Reddy. “They are jointly reshaping the world economy, polity and society.”
To his new role, Mark Frazier brings two decades of research on political economy and labor politics in China and on Chinese-Indian relations. Frazier, who most recently served as ConocoPhillips Professor of Chinese Politics and director of International and Area Studies at the University of Oklahoma, earned his PhD in political science from the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Socialist Insecurity: Pensions and the Politics of Uneven Development in China (Cornell, 2010) and The Making of the Chinese Industrial Workplace: State, Revolution and Labor Management (Cambridge, 2002). A former journalist, Frazier’s work for Roll Call was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize.
Sanjay Reddy has served at The New School for Social Research in 2009. His research focuses on global political economy, development and poverty, with a particular focus on contemporary India. In addition to having taught at Columbia, Princeton, and Harvard, from which he earned his PhD in economics, Reddy has consulted for development agencies and institutions like Oxfam, UNICEF and the World Bank. He is the author of Understanding India’s New Political Economy: A Great Transformation? (Routledge, 2011) and International Trade and Labor Standards: A Proposal for Linkage (Columbia, 2008).
This fall the ICI will also welcome five fellows in Social Innovation for Sustainable Environments. Hailing from India, China and the United States, the fellows will conduct and present research and instruct New School courses.
The 2012 Social Innovation for Sustainable Environments Fellows are:
Dong Shikui, Professor at the School of Environment, Beijing Normal University (China)
Jayanta Bandyopadhyay, Professor and Head of the Centre for Development and Environment Policy, Public Policy and Management, India Institute of Management, Calcutta (India)
Sanjay Chaturvedi, Professor of Political Science, Punjab University, Chandigarh (India)
Victorial Marshall, Assistant Professor of Urban Design, Parsons The New School for Design (USA)
Nidhi Srinivas, Associate Professor of Nonprofit Management, the Milano School of International Affairs, Management and Urban Policy at The New School (USA)